Cannabis is a plant that contains over 100 active compounds known as cannabinoids, with two of the most well-known being CBD (cannabidiol) and THC (tetrahydrocannabinol). While both of these compounds interact with the human body’s endocannabinoid system, there are significant differences between them.
THC is the psychoactive compound in cannabis that is responsible for the "high" associated with marijuana use. It binds to the CB1 receptors in the brain, altering perceptions, mood, and cognitive function. THC also has pain-relieving and anti-inflammatory properties, making it useful in treating conditions such as multiple sclerosis and nausea caused by chemotherapy.
On the other hand, CBD is non-psychoactive and does not cause a high. It binds to the CB2 receptors in the body and is thought to have a range of potential therapeutic uses, including reducing anxiety and depression, reducing inflammation and oxidative stress, and potentially even treating epilepsy and multiple sclerosis. Unlike THC, CBD does not produce the negative side effects associated with marijuana use, such as memory impairment and paranoia.
It's worth noting that both THC and CBD can be found in varying amounts in different strains of marijuana and hemp. Hemp plants, which are used to make CBD products, contain low levels of THC (less than 0.3%) while marijuana plants can contain anywhere from 5-30% THC.
In conclusion, while both THC and CBD are part of the same plant species, they have different effects on the human body and are used for different purposes. THC is primarily used for recreational and medicinal purposes while CBD is widely used for its therapeutic potential. Whether you're interested in using cannabis for medicinal purposes or simply looking to understand the differences between CBD and THC, it's important to educate yourself and consult with a healthcare professional before starting any new supplement regimen.
Article Last Edited: March 12th, 2023